Monostable Multivibrator

Monostable Multivibrator

Monostable Multivibrator

Download Monostable Multivibrator.epb

  Aim

  To design and simulate a Monostable Multivibrator circuit.

  Components

 

Name

EDWinXP Components Used

Description

Number of components required

BC107 BC107A Transistor 2
RES RC05 Resistor 6
CAP CASE-A600 Capacitor 2
DIODE 1N4007 Diode 1
VDC VDC Dc voltage source 2
VGEN VGEN Ac Voltage Source 1
GND SPL0 Ground 3

 

Theory

   A multivibrator in which one transistor is always conducting (i.e. in the ON state) and the other is non-conducting (i.e. in the OFF state) is called a monostable multivibrator. Monostable Multivibrator or one-shot multivibrator has one stable state and one quasi-stable state. i.e. When one transistor is conducting and the other is non-conducting, the circuit will remain in this stable state until the application of external trigger pulse

After a certain time the circuit will automatically switch back to the original stable state and remains there until another pulse is applied.

   The circuit of a transistor monostable multivibrator is shown in the figure. With the above circuit arrangement Q1 is at cut-off and Q2 is at saturation. This represents the stable state. The base of Q1 is kept at a negative potential to ensure that it is always OFF unless when trigger is applied.

   The triggering network consists of the voltage source, the input capacitor, R4, R5 and D1.

   When a trigger pulse is applied, Q1 turns ON and the collector voltage of Q1 drops from VCC to the saturation voltage of 0.2V. This negative change is coupled to the base of Q2 by the capacitor which inturn causes Q2 to turn OFF. This represents the quasi-stable state. Now the capacitor starts charging towards VCC. When the capacitor voltage reaches 0.7V, transistor Q2 turns ON and Q1 switches back to the OFF state.

Procedure

   EDWinXP -> Schematic Editor: The circuit diagram is drawn by loading components from the library. Wiring and proper net assignment has been made. The values are assigned for relevant components.

                                                               

   EDWinXP -> Mixed Mode Simulator: The circuit is preprocessed. The desired test points and waveform markers are placed. The Transient Analysis parameters have been set. The Transient Analysis is executed and output observed in Waveform Viewer.

Result

   The output waveform may be observed in the waveform viewer.