Positive Negative and Biased Clamper

Positive Negative and Biased Clamper

Positive Negative and Biased Clamper

Download Positive Clamper.epb
Download Negative Clamper.epb
Download Biased Positive Clamper.epb


 Aim

  To simulate a clamper circuit.

  Components

Name

EDWin Components Used

Description

Number of components required

CAPACITOR CAP Capacitor 1
RES RC05 Resistor 1
DIODE 1N4007 Diode 1
VGEN VGEN Ac voltage source 1
VDC VDC Dc voltage source 1

  Theory

  Clamper is a circuit that "clamps" a signal to a different dc level. The different types of clampers are positive, negative and biased clampers.

  A clamping network must have a capacitor, a diode and a resistive element. The magnitude R and C must be chosen such that the time constant RC is large enough to ensure that the voltage across the capacitor does not discharge significantly during the interval the diode is non- conducting.

Positive Clamper

  The circuit for a positive clamper is shown in the figure.

During the negative half cycle of the input signal, the diode conducts and acts like a short circuit.The output voltage Vo = 0V . The capacitor is charged to the peak value of input voltage Vm. and it behaves like a battery. During positive half of the input signal, the diode does not conduct and acts as an open circuit.

Hence the output voltage Vo = Vm + Vm This gives a positively clamped voltage.

Negative Clamper

  During the positive half cycle the diode conducts and acts like a short circuit. The capacitor charges to peak value of input voltage Vm . During this interval the output Vo which is taken across the short circuit will be zero.

 During the negative half cycle, the diode is open. The output voltage can be found by applying KVL.

Biased Clamper

The circuit of a positively biased clamper is shown in the figure. During the negative half cycle of the input signal the diode is forward biased and acts like a short circuit. The capacitor charges to Vi + Vs . Applying the KVL to the input side

The voltage across the resistor will be equal to the source voltage Vs .

During the positive half cycle of the input signal, the diode is reverse biased and it acts as an open circuit. Hence Vs has no effect on Vo.

 Applying KVL around the outside loop.

 

 

Procedure

   EDWinXP-> Schematic Editor: The circuit diagram is drawn by loading components from the library. Wiring and proper net assignment has been made. The values are assigned for relevant components. EDWinXP -> Mixed Mode Simulator: The circuit is preprocessed.

  The test points and waveform markers are placed in input and output of the circuit. GND net is set as reference net. The Transient Analysis parameters have been set. The Transient Analysis is executed and output waveform is observed in Waveform Viewer.

 EDWinXP -> EDSpice Simulator: The circuit is preprocessed. The test points and waveform markers are placed at the input and output of the circuit. The instance parameter for components and Transient Analysis parameters have been set. The Transient Analysis is executed and output waveform is observed in Waveform Viewer.

 

  Result

  The output waveform may be observed in the waveform viewer.